AUTOMOBILE TRIVIA

Test Your Automotive Knowledge.

Q-126
What was the pace car for the 1926 Indy 500,  and who drove it?
A-126
A 1926 Chrysler Imperial ’80” with Louis Chevrolet behind the wheel.
  Q-125 
When Ford dealer Bob Tasca combined a stock 428 Police Interceptor short block with Ford’s 427 V-8 heads in 1067, he inspired Ford to manufacture what hot engine for the 1968 Mustang?
 A-125  The Cobra Jet
 Q 124
Although the racing arm of this storied brand was founded in 1929, it did not produce it’s first branded auto until 1947. Name the brand.
 A 124
Ferrari. Scuderia Ferrari was fielding Grand Prix cars for then-dominant Alfa Romeo before making their own cars after WWII.  
1947 Ferrari
 Q 123 In 1927,  John Willys dropped the  model name, which orited1902.  what new nameplate was introduced to replace it? A 123  The.  In 1931, the ailing Whippet line was dropped.
 Q 122
In 1964, the B09 “4-4-2” package was available on all F-85 or Cutlass body styles except one.  Which one?
 A 122
The  Station Wagon
Q 121
What were the first mass-produced American cars with
rack and pinion steering?
 A 121
The 1974 Ford Pinto and Mustang II
BMWcreated the first rack and pinion gearboxes in the 1930s.
 Q 120
1946 Chevrolets began rolling off assembly lines in small quantity on  October 3, 1945.  What car company beat Chevy and the rest of GM by three months?

  A 120
Ford, who began rolling out 1946 models in July of 1945. Full production of ’46 models didn’t kick in until a UAW  strike called in November was settled in March.
Q 119

What Buick debuted in 1962 as a subseries to the Invicta before becoming it’s own series in 1963?

 A 119
The Wildcat (below, 1962 wildcat)1962-buick-wildcat
which lasted until 1970.
  Q 118

When the Fisher Body Corporation purchased the Fleetwood Body Company in 1925, Fleetwood became exclusive to Cadillac.  What year  did the Fleetwood script first appear on the exterior of a Cadillac?cad47j

 A 118
In 1947, on the rear deck lid of the Sixty Special 
 Q 117
After leaving GM following a dispute with William DurantWilliam Durant over World  War I  production, Cadillac founder Henry LalandHenry_Leland created what automobile company?  
 A 117
The Lincoln Motor Company,1917_Lincoln founded in 1917.  Purchased by Ford in 1922, will celebrate it’s centennial next year.
Q 116
What 1920’s – era automobile featured an emblem of a top hat inside a ring, which was the car builder’s WWI  94th. Fighter Squadron’s emblem? RICKENBACKER eddie
A 116
Rickenbacker built by America’s leader fighter ace Eddie Rickenbacker.images
Q 115
When Continental Motors came out with their own line of autos in 1933, what were the names of their three models?
A 115
33-Beacon-Flyer

The Beacon
A 115
Left Coast Classics Photo
The Ace
A 115
1933_flyer
The Flyer
Q 114
Who was the first American to ride in a gasoline powered automobile? 1888_daimler
A 114
Piano Maker William Steinway,William_Steinway_-_cabinet_card_photo who met Gottlieb Daimler on a visit to Europe in 1888, rode in a motor car, and secured the American rights to the engine. In 1905 Mercedes built cars in Long Island through the successors of the Steinway’s company
Q 113
General Motors built several “companion” cars.
One survived its parent, and only one other lasted more than two years.
Can you name them all?
A 113
1. 1930 LaSalle ( Cadillac),
2. 1930 Viking (Oldsmobile),
3. 1929 Pontiac (built by Oakland),
4. 1930 Marquette (Buick)
1930_LaSalle 1930_Viking 1929_Pontiac 1929_Marquette
1 2 3 4
Q 112
Where did the Cord get it’s “810” model
name?
1935-37_Cord_810-812_04 A 112
The name is derived from the go-ahead date for production (August 10, 1935)
Q 111
In 1931, what car reportedly was capable of out-accelerating a Duesenberg Model J, yet cost only a third as much to buy?
1931 Marmon 161931_MARMON_161931 Duesenberg Model J1931_Duesenberg A 111
The Marmon 16. s Cadillac’s V-16 beat Marmon to market by 2 years, stealing it’s thunder. Marmon was done by 1933.
Q 110
Who’s automobile line in 1950 consisted of the Custom Commodore, Super and Pacemaker Series?
1950_hudson_custome_comodore 1950_hudson_pacemaker 1950_hudson_coupe Q 110
Hudson
Q 109
Overland cars were first manufactured in which city and state?
Q 109
The original home of Overland was Terre Haute, Indiana.
Q 108
In what year did the “double-R” Rolls Royce
badge change from red to black?
RR Q 108
1933
Q 107
What line of autos featured the first use of power seats?
A 107
The 1947 Packards
.
Q 106
Oldsmobile offered three wagon models in 1964, including the new Vista Cruiser seen below. What were the other two?
1964_OLDSMOBILE_DYNAMIC_88_FIESTA
F-851964_OLDSMOBILE_F-85_wagon
Dynamic 88 Fiesta
A 106
F-85,
and the Dynamic 88 Fiesta
Q 105
What two marquees were founded by the inventor of the mechanical hair clippers?
A 105
Henry Leland founded Cadillac in 1902, and Lincoln in 1920
Q 104
W
hat was the inspiration for MG’s famed octagon-shaped badge?
MGB_logo Q 104
The shape of founder Cecil Kimber’s dining table. MG stands for Morris Garages.
Q 103
What auto entrepreneur’s empire included Lycoming engines,
American Airlines, Stinson Aircraft and New York Shipbuilding?
A 103
E. L Cord.
Q 102
Who invented the
carburetor
carburetor?
Csonka_Janos Donat_Bankai A 102
Chonka Janos and Donat Banki.
Patented on Feb. 13, 1893
Q 101
Chrysler debuted it’s Plymouth motor car in 1928.

What famous woman was behind the wheel at the unveiling?
A 101
Amelia Earhart.
Q 100
In 1903, Childe Harold Wills created a script logo for what auto using a stencil kit his father brought here from Europe?
FORD_1ford_2 ford_nose A 100
Ford. From 1909 to 1912, the script appeared inside a winged triangle in ads. In 1912, it appeared in an oval and used on signs. The simple Ford blue oval first appeared on the 1928 Model A.
Q 99
In 1925, Nash introduced and entry level marque that sold poorly despite it’s quality. The following year, it was rechristened the Nash Light Six, and sales improved. What was the name of this one-year marque?
A 99
The Ajax
Q 98
Following the designation Z06, Corvette adopted ZR-1 for their racing efforts. What does ZR stand for?
Zora_Arkus_Duntov1957_Corvette A 98
ZR stands for “Zora’s Racers”, named after Zora Arkus-Duntov, the Belgian-born engineer know as the “father of the Corvette”. He
introduced the V-8 to the Corvette in 1955.
Q 97
How did the Rev. C. H. North of Oklahoma City make Automotive history in 1935
A 97
He was the world’s first person to be arrested for a parking meter offense.
Q 96
What is the Spirit of Ecstasy?
Rolls_Royce_Silver_Cloud_I_1957_Spirit_of_Ecstasy_Side A 96
The official name of the mascot of Rolls Royce, she is the lady on top of their radiators.
Q 95
What popular marque debuted in 1912, and sold it’s one millionth car in 1923?
A 95
Chevrolet, founded by ousted GM founder William Durant and racer Louis Chevrolet.
Q 94
Where, and when was the first, drag race held, and what won?
 

stanley_steamer

 

mercedes

 

napier

A 94
In 1905 at Ormond Beach, Fl., A Stanley Steamer, outran 2 Mercedeses and a Napier.
Q 93
What American automotive pioneer also invented the mechanical hair clipper?
A 93
Henry Leland, who reorganized the Ford Company as Cadillac after Ford left in 1902.
Q 92
What car was reportedly designed on the back of a Northwest Airlines airsickness bag and released on April Fool’s Day, 1970?
1970_amc_gremlin Q 92
1970 Gremlin, (AMC)
Q 91
What did Ford call it’s limited edition, Denver-area Mustangs in 1966 -1968
A 91
Ford built 333 “High Country Specials” in 1966, 400 in 1967, and 250 in 1968.
Q 90
Who is considered to be the father of both the Landau Roof, and the Tail fin?
ThunderBird Vintage Car Grill Photos A 90
Harley Earl.
Q 89
What car was first fitted with an automatic reversing lamp?
Q 89
The Willis Sainte Claire of 1921
Q 88
W
hat U.S. production car had the largest 4 cylinder engine?
1907-Thomas-Flyer-Model A 88
The 1907 Thomas sported a 571 cu. in. (9.2liter) engine.
Q 87
Which car was the first to Feature both a high-output generator and a voltage regulator?
A 87
The 1934 Cadillac.
Q 86
W
hich car company started out German, yet becam French after WWI?
1900%20Bugatti Q 86
Bugati, founded in Molsheim in 1909, became French when Alsace returned to French rule.
Q 85
What is the lunar speed record for a car
Q 85
The Lunar Rover hit 10.5 mph. during the Apollo 16 mission, and covered a total of 60 miles.
Q 84
In 1937, Graham offered three series, the 120, the 116, and the 95. What model names went with each series?
120_custom_supercharger 116_supercharger 95_cavalier A 84
The 120 was a Custom Supercharger, the 116 was a Supercharger, and the 95 was a Cavalier.
Q 83
Name the three makes of cars that offer a 16 cylinder motor
A 83
Cadillac from 1930 – 40, Marmon from 1931 – 33, and the 1930 Bugatti Type 47.
Q 82
In what model year did Cadillac introduce the first
electric sunroof?
1969_Cadillac_with_sun_roof A 82
1969
Q 81
What car’s flying stork mascot was based on a French ace’s WWI squadron
A 81
The Hispano-Suiza
Q 80
In January 1930, Cadillac debuted it’s V16 in a car named for a theatrical version of a 1920’s film seen by Harley Earl
while designing the body, What’s that name?
1930MadamX A 80
The “Madam X”, a custom coach designed by Earl
and built by Fleetwood. The sedan featured a
retractable landau top above the rear seat.
Q 79
What were the first American production cars to combine a straight 8 and four wheel brakes?
A 79
The Duesenberg Model A and the Kenworthy Line-O-Eight of late 1920.
Q 78
When were seat belts first fitted to a motor vehicle?
1902_Baker_Electric A 78
In 1902, in a Baker Electric streamliner racer which crashed at 100 mph. on Staten Island!
Q 77
Which car company was the first to build over 3 million vehicles in one year?
A 77
Chevrolet, in 1964
Q 76
Who is the only American automaker to found 2 car marquees named for himself?
Ransom Eli Olds
ranson_eli_olds
1902 Olds1902_olds
olds_plaque A 76
Ransom Eli Olds, founder of Oldsmobile and later, Reo.
Q 75
Has Staten Island ever been home to the production of an automobile?
A 75
Almost. In 1917, Ingram-Hatch Motor corp. made a prototype chassis, but no car.
Q 74
Who used money earned from inventing the enameled bathtub to start a car co?
david_dunbar_buick david-dunbar-buick-SR dunbar_buick_&_son A 74
David Dunbar Buick,buick_label whose marquee celebrates it’s 100th. Anniversary in 2003.
Q 73
What do Studebaker, Auburn, Stutz, Duesenberg and Marmon autos all have in common?
A 73
They all were built in Indiana, along with nearly 200 other marquees that came out of the Hoosier State, most at the turn of the 20th. century.
Q 72
What car was the first production V12, as well as the first production car with aluminum pistons?
1915-Packard-Twin-Six-Touring_DV-09_GC_01 A 72
The cylinder wars were kicked off in 1915 after Packard’s chief engineer, Col. Jesse Vincent, introduced its Twin-Six-Used during WWI in Italy, these motors inspired Enzi Ferrari to adopt the V12 himself in 1948.
Q 71
What vehicle was the first to feature power steering?
A 71
The 1903 Columbia Electric Motor Truck, with power provided by a separate electric motor.
Q 70
What feature do all of these cars have in common: 1936 Cord 810, 1942 DeSoto, 1963 Corvette, 1976 Superbird, 1976 Eldorado?
1976 Supper-bird
1970_Superbird_Cord1942_DeSoto
1942 Desoto
1936_cord_8101936 Cord 810
1936_Cord.
1963 Corvette
1963_Corvette1976-cadillac-eldorado1976 Eldorado
A 70
They all featured hidden headlights, a sensing element that made this debut on Gordon Buehrig’s 1936 Cord.
Q 69
Which former Ford district manager from Philadelphia purchased the fourth T-Bird off the line?
A 69
Lee Iacocca
Q 68
What was the first wind-up window mechanism featured on autos?
1919-Pierce 1919-Packard A 68
In 1919, on both Packard’s and Pierce Arrows
Q 67
What popular feature in today’s cars was first offered as an option in 1971 by Chrysler?
A 67
An in-dash cassette tap player.
Q 66
What cars were the first to come fitted with factory installed safety glass?
1926_Stutz 1926-Rickenbacker A 66
The 1926 models of Stutz and Rickenbacker.
Q 65
What car company was originally known as Swallow Sidecars (aka SS)?
1935_Jaguar-SS A 65
Jaguar, which was an SS model first in 1935, and ultimately the whole company by 1945.
Q 63
What city installed the first stop sign in the U.S.?
A 64
Detroit, Michigan in 1914.
Q 63
Which autos were the first to use foamfilled seats?
1942-desoto-1 1942ChryslerWindsorcoupefvl1-vi A 63
The 1942 line of De Soto and the Chrysler Windsor
Q 62
Whose signature appeared on the 100-mph certification plaque that was affixed to the super-charged Auburn’s dash?
A 62
Ab Jenkins, famed speed enthusiast and father of saltflat racing at Bonneville, or Wade Morton, American race car driver. Both tested
Q 61
Which of the Chrysler “letter cars” sold the fewest amount?
1963_chrysler_300j A 61
Only 400, 1963 300Js were sold(they skipped “I” because it looked like a number I)
Q 60
Two major components of traffic management made their debut in Michigan in 1917 and 1919. Can You name them?
1917_Michigan_first-center-linetrafficpottslight   A 60
The first center-line was painted on a rural highway between Marquette and Ishpeming.
Two years later, the first traffic light was installed on the corner of Woodward Ave. and Fourth St. in Detroit.
Q 59
What does the “500” in the Selby Mustang GT500 refers to? And the “350” in the Shelby Mustang GT350?
1969_shelby_5001969_Shelby_GT350 Q 59
The 500 refers to the added weight of the 428 motor. The 350 refers to the number of paces from Shelby’s office to his assembly shop
Q 58
Which marquee had the honor of being the millionth and 100 millionth GM car?
1916 Oldsmobile1916-Oldsmobile_Mdl_44_Rdstr-DV_07_BB_01 1966 Oldsmobile
1966_Oldsmobile
Q 58
Oldsmobile, in 1916 and 1966
Q 57
What is the significance of “40” in the name of Ford’s 1964 race car , the GT 40?
Q 57
The overall height of the car was 40 inches.
Q 56
What was the first car to use power operated seats?
1947%20Packard Q 56
They were first used on the 1947 Packard line.
Q 55
Where was the first mile of concrete rural highway poured in the U.S.?
1908

bottom

A 55
The first mile was just outside Detroit, in 1909, at a cost of $13,534. The first coast to coast road, the Lincoln Highway,
was completed in 1927.
Q 54
When did an automobile first break 100 mph?
A 54
In 1904, a car called the Gordon-Brillie hit 100.55 mph in Belgium.
Q 53
When were the first car radios available?
A 53
A: Motorola began offering car radios in 1929.
Q 52
Who wrote to Henry Ford, “I have drove fords exclusively when I could get away with one. It has got every other car skinned, and even if my business hasn’t been strictly legal it don’t hurt anything to tell you what a fine car you got in the V-8”?
Clyde%20Barrow A 52
The Clyde Barrow (of Bonnie and Clyde) in 1934.
Q 51
Where was the first stolen car reported?
A 51
In St. Louis, back in 1905.
Q 50
In what year was the first multi-button radio tuner introduced?
A 50
1939, by the Dayton Electric Company, a.k.a. Delco
Q 49
What was the first line of cars to feature full power steering?
A 49
1951 Chrysler Imperial models
Q 48
What was the lowest priced mass produced American car?
1925_Model_T-apr21dBut A 48
The 1925 Ford Model T Runabout. Cost $260, $5 less than 1924.
Q 47
What was the first appearance of power steering?
A 47
A separate electric motor assisted steering on the 1903 Columbia Electric motor Truck.
Q 46
What is the fastest internal-combustion American production car?
1998-Dodge-Viper_GTS-R A 46
The 1998 Dodge Viper GETS-R, tested by Motor Trend magazine at 192.6 mph.

 

     
Q 45
What automaker’s first logo incorporated the Star of David?
dodge_bros_emblem1 A 45
The Dodge Brothers.
Q 44
What’s the only car to appear simultaneously on the covers of Time and Newsweek?
1964-Ford-Mustang A 44
The Mustang.
Q 43
What U.S. production car has the quickest 0-60 mph time?
1962-IMPALA A 43
The 1962 Chevrolet Impala SS 409. Did it in 4.0 seconds.
Q 42
What car was the first to place the horn button in the center of the steering wheel?
1916_Scripps-Booth_Rdstr A 42
The 1915 Scripps-Booth Model C. The car also was the first with electric door latches.
Q 41
What did the Olds designation 4-4-2 stand for?
71olds A 41
4 barrel carburetor, 4 speed transmission and dual exhaust.
Q 40
What autos were the first to use a standardized production key-start system?
1949-chrysler-new-yorker-convertible-2_jpg A 40
The 1949 Chrysler
Q 39
Where was the first drive-in movie theater opened, and when?
12 Jun 1933, Camden, New Jersey, USA --- 6/12/1933-Camden, NJ- Back view of a huge drive-in movie screen -- a wall with advertisement and admission prices. --- Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS A 39
Camden, NJ in 1933
Q 38
What type of car had the distinction of being GM’s 100 millionth car built in the U.S. ?
1966_olds_Toronado A 38
March 16, 1966 saw an Olds Tornado roll out of Lansing, Michigan with that honor.
Q 37
Where was the World’s first three-color traffic lights installed?
trafficpottslight A 37
Detroit, Michigan in 1919. Two years later they experimented with synchronized lights.
Q 36
What car used the first successful series-production hydraulic valve lifters?
1930_Cadillac_Series452AV161 A 36
The 1930 Cadillac 452, the first production V16
Q 35
What car was the first to have it’s radio antenna embedded in the windshield?
1969_Pontiac_Grand_Prix A 35
The 1969 Pontiac Grand Prix.
Q 34
What car first referred to itself as a convertible?
1904%20Thomas%20Flyer A 34
The 1904 Thomas Flyer, which had a removable hard top.
Q 33
What American luxury automaker began by making cages for birds and squirrels?
1901-Pierce-Motorette A 33
The George N. Pierce Co. of Buffalo, who made the Pierce Arrow, also made iceboxes.
Q 32
What was the first car to be offered with a
“perpetual guarantee”?
Acme A 32
The 1904 Acme, from Reading, PA. Perpetuity was disturbing in this case, as Acme closed down in 1911.
Q 31
What was the first car fitted with a replaceable cartridge oil filter?
1924_Chrysler A 31
The 1924 Chrysler.
Q 30
What was the first car fitted with an alternator, rather than a direct current dynamo?
1960_Plymouth_Valiant A 30
The 1960 Plymouth Valiant
Q 29
What was Ford’s answer to the Chevy Corvette, and other legal street racers of the 1960’s?
1966-Shelby-Mustang-GT-350-s-lr A 29
Carroll Shelby’s Mustang GT350.
Q 28
True or False?
The 1953 Corvette came in white, red and black.
1953_polo_white_Corvette A 28
False.
The 1953 “Vetted” were available in one color, Polo White.
Q 27
What country did the Minerva automobile hail from?
1925%20Minerva Minerva%20logo A 27
Belgium
Q 26
Where was the first drive-in restaurant?
pig_stand_dallas A 26
Royce Hailey’s Pig Stand opened in Dallas in 1921.
Q 25
What city was the first to use parking meters?
park-o-meter A 25
Oklahoma City, on July 16, 1935.
Q 24
Who opened the first drive-in gas station?
first_gas_station,_pittsburgh_pa_1913 A 24
Golf opened up the first station in Pittsburgh in 1913.
Q 23
What was the first official White House car?
1909%20white%20steamer A 23
A 1909 White Steamer 40 hp., ordered by President Taft.
Q 22
What popular car sold only two units in its first year in the U.S.?
1949%20wolksvagen A 22
Volkswagen sold only two Beetle’s here in America in 1949.
Q 21
Who invented the first practical windshield wiper?
1911%20Benz A 21
Prince Henry of Prussia, who fitted his new invention to his Benz, in 1911.
Q 20
What
car used the first steering wheel?
1900%20Packard A 20
The 1900 Packard Model C, built by The Ohio Automobile Co.
Q 19
What car was the first to offer air conditioning?
1939%20Nash A 19
The 1939 Nash offered an optional heating-ventilation system called the “Weather Eye”
Q 18
What car was the first to have automatic transmission?
1939%20Oldsmobile A 18
Oldsmobile introduced its four speed Hydra-Mastic, as a $57 extra in 1939.
Q 17
What car was the first to have a speedometer?
1901%20OLDSMOBILE%20CURVED%20DASH A 17
The 1901 Curved Dash Oldsmobile
Q 16
What is an Oldsmobile Coupe without a B-pillar called?
Oldsmobile_Holiday_Coupe A 16
Holiday (Oldsmobile Holiday)
Q 15
Who is responsible for the blue and white paint scheme on the Shelby Cobra?Shelby%20Cobra
Dan Gerber A 15
Dan Gerber, who raced in the SCAN series, of the early sixties.
Q 14
How much did the 1940 Buick Phaeton, featured in the movie “Casablanca” sell for on June 28th?
1940 Buick Phaeton
Buick_Phaeton_1940
A 14
$211.500 more than twice it’s pre auction estimate, according to Christie’s.
Q 13
Which car company was the first to build over 3 million vehicles in one year?
1964Chevrolet A 13
Chevrolet, in 1964
Q 12
Overland cars were first manufactured in which city and state?
overland_cars A 12
The original home of Overland was, Terre Haute, Indiana.
Q 11
What is one of (4) the most expensive ($19 million,) and least used vehicle ever produced?
1972_Lunar_Rover A 1 1
1972 Lunar Rover
Q 10
What was the imported car that Chrysler sold as a Dodge as response to the Vega and Pinto, beginning in 1971?
1970_Mitsubishi_Colt_by_Doge A 10
The Colt from Mitsubishi.
Q 9
What automaker produced the first closed body sedan in 1913?
1913_Franklin__closedbody_sedanjpg A 9
Who else but Syracues’s
very own Franklin.
Q 8
The car was aptly named The Pioneer. Two years later, Henry Ford debuted his Quadricycle, also aptly named in a way

Pioneer_Elwood_Heynes
A 8
What was the name of Elwood Hayne’s first gasoline automobile?
Q 7
What car did Edith and Archie Bunker mention in their song “Those were the Days”?
1959_caddy-rear_THE_END A 7
“Gee our old LaSalle ran great” sang the All in the Family couple. Did you know the 1939 LaSalle’s sunroof-option was called a Sunshine Turret Top?
Q 6
What was the fastest American-made production vehicle for 1978, as measured from 0-100 mph. by Car & Driver magazine?
 

78_Lil_Red_Truck

A 6
Surprisingly not a Corvette or Trans Am, but rather the Dodge Li’l Red Express Truck, which had a 225hp. version of the police interceptor 360 V-8.
Q 5
What letter was used to denote the Duesenberg model built between the Model A and Model J?
Duesenberg_Model_X-00009 A 5
The Model “X” was built in 1926 and 1927. Only 13 were made, and four are known to exist today.
Q 4
What did the 1940 Buick Phaeton featured in “Casablanca” sell for on June 28th.?
1940_Buick_Phaeton A 4
211,500, more than twice it’s pre-auction estimate, according to Christie’s.
Q 3
In 1919, this Lt. Colonel in the U.S. Army volunteered for a transcontinental truck convoy from Washington D.C. to San Francisco. Remembering the almost impassable conditions many years later, as President of the United States, he urged Congress to create the interstate highway system. Who is he?
Dwight_Eisenhower A 3
Dwight Eisenhower
Q 2
What was the name design theme that Virgil Exner brought to Chrysler Corp., beginning with his tail finned cars of 1955?
1955 Falcon1955_Falcon A 2
“The forward look”
Q 1
The name of what car “suggests the comradeship of good friends as a personal car should be to it’s owner”, while also meaning “a small, vicious animal that eats Mustangs”?
1969_Chevrolet_Camaro_Z28 A 1
1969 Camaro Z-28